2010.08.05

人生旅途中在偶然的機會裡

無意間發現了生命第二春的泉源園地

也就是新店市中央陸橋旁的小碧潭網球場

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      新店市環河路堤防外風光明媚的小碧潭網球場 

 

歷經數年光陰奔馳在網球場上

逐漸了解網球後、變成了網球運動的愛好者

自知道如何玩網球之奧妙變化

由不得跨讚網球不愧是一種世界級高尚的運動

主因;

網球運動的發源地為早期法、英貴族的宮廷擊球遊戲

且都是歷史悠久、延續至今成為四大公開賽(大滿貫)

例︰1874年首次舉辦溫布頓、1881首次舉辦美國公開賽

1891年舉辦法國公開賽、1905年首次舉辦澳洲網球公開賽

 

為分享學習網球的經驗、

及讓初學者儘快懂得欣賞網球比賽的樂趣

莫非先要球友認識瞭解網球比賽的基本規則

所以本部落格

特闢【網球規則】探討專欄區

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     新店市運網球比賽冠軍得主球友練有能及獎牌

 

今日首先報導

網球規則 ~ 如何計分?

網球比賽的計分有《分、局、盤、場》四個單位。

男女單、雙打計分方式都一樣。

一、分 (Point)︰當對方不能成功地把球回擊過網即得一《分》。

二、局 (Game)︰任何一方至少須先取四分才算贏一《局》。

贏的第一分記作(15)、第二分記作(30)、第三分記作(40)、第四分稱之(Game)、贏此局。如果雙方各得三分(40-40),稱作(Deuce)。之後贏第一分稱(Advantage),再拿一分即勝利,否則又是(Deuce)。網球術語中,(love)表示零分,(30-love)即表示(30-0)。

三、盤 (Set)︰任何一方贏六局就算贏一《盤》。

若雙方各贏五局,計分(5 all),則如任一方連贏兩局就贏此(盤)。但是局數6:6時,要進行(tie-break)、搶七決勝負,一方先贏七分且差距兩分以上就贏此盤。

四、場 (Match)︰一般來說一場賽事盤數為三戰二勝制。

但是男子大滿貫賽(四大公開賽-澳洲、法國、溫布頓、美國)和超九賽事的決賽,台維斯杯等皆為五戰三勝,五盤大戰決勝盤(第五盤)不採搶七制,一定要有一方連贏兩盤才能勝利。

 

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           小碧潭網球場會員賽的裁判及啦啦隊

 

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

 

       <>...資料來源︰ITF tennis.com 網站...<>

ITF tennis.com-2010.jpg 

Rules of Tennis 2009

 

5. SCORE IN A GAME 【局的記分方法】

 

a. Standard game

A standard game is scored as follows with the server’s score being called first:

No point - “Love”

First point - “15”

Second point - “30”

Third point - “40”

Fourth point - “Game”

except that if each player/team has won three points, the score is “Deuce”.After “Deuce”, the score is “Advantage” for the player/team who wins the next point.

If that same player/team also wins the next point, that player/team wins the “Game”;

if the opposing player/team wins the next point, the score is again “Deuce”.

A player/team needs to win two consecutive points immediately after “Deuce” to win the “Game”.

 

b. Tie-break game

During a tie-break game, points are scored “Zero”,“1”, “2”, “3”, etc. The first player/team to win seven points wins the “Game” and “Set”, provided there is a margin of two points over the opponent(s). If necessary, the tie-break game shall continue until this margin is achieved.

The player whose turn it is to serve shall serve the first point of the tie-break game. The following two points shall be served by the opponent(s) (in doubles, the player of the opposing team due to serve next). After this, each player/team shall serve alternately for two consecutive points until the end of the tie-break game (in doubles, the rotation of service within each team shall continue in the same order as during that set).

The player/team whose turn it was to serve first in the tie-break game shall be the receiver in the first game of the following set.

 

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許安芬/胡美雪/吳明曉/陳文官     雙打球友 : 黃博淵(右)

 

6. SCORE IN A SET 【盤的計分方法】

There are different methods of scoring in a set. The two main methods are the“Advantage Set” and the “Tie-break Set”. Either method may be used provided that the one to be used is announced in advance of the event. If the “Tie-break Set”method is to be used, it must also be announced whether the final set will be played as a “Tie-break Set” or an “Advantage Set”.

a. “Advantage Set”

The first player/team to win six games wins that “Set”, provided there is a margin of two games over the opponent(s). If necessary, the set shall continue until this margin is achieved.

b. “Tie-break Set”

The first player/team to win six games wins that “Set”, provided there is a margin of two games over the opponent(s). If the score reaches six games all, a tie-break game shall be played.

  

7. SCORE IN A MATCH 【場的記分方法】

A match can be played to the best of 3 sets (a player/team needs to win 2 sets to win the match) or to the best of 5 sets (a player/team needs to win 3 sets to win the match).

   <>...以上英文版僅供參考 ~ 詳情請至(ITF)官網瀏覽...<>

 

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         會內賽志工裁判 : 劉明瓚球友

 

(如何記分?)...網球小常識外一章

Q : 網球比賽將一局分為4分,第一分的計分為15,第二分記為30,可是第三分按照計分推算應該為45,為什麼實際規則上確記為40呢?

A : 網球比賽將一局分為4分,規則上第一分的計分為15記,第二分為30記,可是第三分記分按理應該為45記,但這個分數(45)在英語中為兩個因節(Fourty-five),與前面的15(Fifteen)和30(Thirty)只有一個音節有所不同,這樣會破壞主審裁判的報分節奏,因此規則上第3分被稱為40(Forty),係採取單一音節為考量吧!

 

本網站

將持續服務球友

刊登網球運動較有趣的規則及判例解讀

也會簡介世界級職網採五戰三勝賽制的典故

例︰四大滿貫、超九賽、台維斯杯等賽事

讓球友來打網球可增多些點趣味事可談喔!

下回見!

 

 

 

 

 

中央里網球隊  (林詞成)   敬上

 

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  • 您好
    我是新北市議員候選人鄒元中
    這是我的部落格網址http://www.wretch.cc/blog/chung2010
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  • 歡迎鄒元中代表來瀏覽
    網路世界真美好!

    網裡網外的世界 於 2010/08/08 02:49 回覆